Foot Complexity and Arch Problems

The Foot

The foot is a complex combination of bones, ligaments, muscles, tendons and joints. The muscles in the foot depend on 26 bones (28 with Sesamoid Bones), 55 joints and over 100 ligaments.

Major Joints of the Foot

Different joints in the foot play an active role in the gait cycle at different phases.

Arches of the Foot

A series of arches allow the foot to support the weight of the body efficiently. The medial, transverse and lateral arches are formed by the tarsal and metatarsal bones, and strenghtened by the ligaments and tendons of the foot.

Medial longitudinal arch

The main function of the medial arch is to absorb shock. Low medial arches can lead to execessive foot motion, instability or poor shock absorption. Pain and increased risk of injury may result.

FootBalance insoles help properly support the arches, while dynamically activating them to help prevent them from failing further.

Transverse arch

Many forefoot problems like hammertoes, bunions, and numbness can be linked to a fallen transverse arch. Supporting the arch may offer relief by increasing room for the blood vessels and the blood flow, and release nerve impingements.

Transverse arch support can be moulded into FootBalance insoles, helping halt the progrssion of bunions and hammertoes.

Lateral longitudinal arch

The lateral arch is composed of the calcaneus, the cuboid, and fourth and fifth metatarsal bones. The most important features of this arch are its solidity and its slight elevation.

The lateral arch is seen most frequently in people with uncommonly high arches. In cases of high arches, FootBalance insoles help support the lateral longitudinal arch whilst balancing the foot position.

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